Home » » 14 Research Assistant posts in Tamil Nadu General Subordinate Service < 14.1.2016

14 Research Assistant posts in Tamil Nadu General Subordinate Service < 14.1.2016

Written By Ajit Kumar on Saturday, January 2, 2016 | 1:14 AM

Applications are invited only through online mode upto 14.01.2016 for Direct Recruitment to the vacancies in the following post:-

Candidates have to Register their basic particulars through One - Time Registration which is mandatory on payment of Rs.50/- towards registration fee.

Name of the Post and Post Code      : RESEARCH ASSISTANT in Evaluation and Applied Research Department (2014 - 2015) (Post Code. 1861)

Name of the Service and Code No. :  
Tamil Nadu General Subordinate Service (Code No.036)

Number of vacancies : 14

Scale of pay : Rs.9,300-34,800/- (PB2) + 4,400/- Grade Pay


Abbreviations: GT (G) General Turn (General), GT(W) General Turn (Woman), GT(G)- PSTM - General Turn
(General) Persons Studied in Tamil Medium, BC - Backward Class, BC (W)- Backward Class (Woman), BC (G)
PSTM- Backward Class General Persons Studied in Tamil Medium MBC/DC - Most Backward Class / Denotified
Community, MBC/DC (W)- Most Backward Class / Denotified Community (Woman), SC - Scheduled Caste, SC(W)
Scheduled Caste (Woman), SC (A) (W) - Scheduled Caste Arunthathiyar Woman.

2. FEES:-
One - Time Registration fee : Rs.50/-
 Examination fee : Rs. 100/-

Candidates who have already registered in one time Registration System it is enough to pay
the Examination Fee.
NOTIFICATION NO: 21 /2015 DATED: 16.12.2015

Category Concession Condition
Scheduled castes /
Scheduled Caste (Arunthathiyars) Full Exemption
Scheduled Tribes Full Exemption --
Most Backward Class /
Denotified Communities Three free Chances For Degree Holders
Backward Classes(Other than Muslim) /
Backward Classes (Muslim) Three free Chances For Degree Holders
Ex-Servicemen Two free Chances Minimum General
Educational Qualification
Differently Abled Persons Full Exemption --
Destitute Widow Full Exemption --

· The three / two free chances allowed are not for EACH POST but for ANY THREE /TWO
APPLICATIONS ONLY. The claim for exemption from payment of fee made in any
application which is rejected / admitted or withdrawn will be counted as a free chance.
(Further details regarding Fee Concession is mentioned at para 12 of “Instructions to the

A. Date of Notification 16. 12. 2015
B. Last date for submission of applications and for uploading
of the prescribed qualification Certificate (P.G. Degree Certificate) : 14. 01. 2016
C Last date for payment of Fee 19. 01. 2016

Date and Time of Written Examination (OMR Method)

Paper - I
(Subject Paper Covering all the
06.03. 2016 FN 10.00 A.M. to 01.00 P.M.
Paper - II
(General Studies) 06.03.2016 AN 02.30 P.M. to 04.30 P.M.


(A) AGE (as on 01.07.2015)

(i) “Others” [i.e. Candidates not belonging to SCs, SC(A)s, STs, MBCs/DCs, BCs and
BCMs] who have put in 5 years and more of service in the State / Central Government
are not eligible even if they are within the age limit.

(B) EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION: (as on 16.12. 2015) :-
Candidates should possess the following or its equivalent qualification on the date of
Notification viz. 16.12. 2015.

Must possess a First Class Post-Graduate degree in Economics or
Econometrics or Statistics or Business Administration or Mathematics
or Social Work or Sociology or Anthropology or Agricultural
Economics or Public Administration

(i) The Qualification mentioned above should have been obtained in the order of studies
viz. SSLC, HSC (or its equivalent), U.G. Degree and P.G. Degree
(ii) The qualification ordered to be equivalent to the prescribed qualification are indicated in
Annexure -I to this Notification (Refer also to the Disclaimer annexed to the Notification)
(iii) Candidates claiming equivalence of qualification should upload evidence for such claim in
the form of Government Order (G.O.) issued prior to the date of this Notification. The G.O.
issued after the date of Notification will not be accepted.
(For further details are at paragraph 10 of the “Instructions to the Candidates”)
Candidates should possess adequate knowledge of Tamil on the date of this
Notification viz. 16.12.2015.
(Further details are at para 11 of the ‘Instructions to the candidates'’)

A. The rule of reservation of appointments applies to this post.
B. In G.O.Ms.No.145, Personnel and Administrative Reforms (S) Department,
dated 30.09.2010, the Government have ordered that “twenty percent of all vacancies in
the appointment in the service under, the State which are to be filled by direct recruitment
shall be set apart on preferential basis to persons studied in Tamil Medium and the said
Tamil Medium reservation applies to this recruitment. In G.O. (Ms.) No.40, Personnel and
Administrative Reforms (S) Department, dated 30.04.2014, Government have issued
orders substituting the turns already earmarked to PSTM. (Candidates claiming this
reservation should have studied the above prescribed qualification for the post in Tamil
Medium and should have the certificate for the same. Having written the examinations in
Tamil language alone will not qualify for claiming this reservation). If the candidates
with PSTM are not available for selection for appointment against reserved turn such turn
shall be filled up by Non-PSTM candidates but belonging to the respective communal
(Further details are at para 29 (xix) of the ‘Instructions to candidates’)
C. The number of vacancies advertised is only approximate and is liable for modification
including reduction with reference to the vacancy position at any time before finalisation of
D. If no qualified and suitable women candidates are available for selection against the
vacancies reserved for them, those vacancies will be filled by male candidates belonging to
the respective communal categories.
Candidates selected for appointment to the post will be required to produce a certificate
of physical fitness in the form prescribed below:
Form of Certificate of Physical Fitness Standard of Vision Prescribed
Other than Executive and Ministerial Standard-III or Better
Candidates with defective vision should produce Eye Fitness Certificate from a qualified
Eye Specialist.
F. In G.O.(Ms.) No.53, Social Welfare and Nutritious Meal Programme (SW.4) Department,
dated 11.4.2005, the Government have identified 117 posts, most suitable for the disabled
persons under Group A&B Groups and also directed that reservation of 3% of vacancies in
direct recruitment for the identified post of A & B groups where the rule of reservation is

applicable for the disabled persons. As far as the post of Research Assistant in Evaluation
and Applied Research Department is concerned, it is identified as suitable for Differently
Abled person in the above said G.O. Hence reservation to differently abled person will apply
for this post. The Differently Abled person turn does not arise in this recruitment. However,
they can apply and should send the documents referred to in para 14 (f) of the
Commission’s ‘Instructions to the Candidates’ when called for.
G. Even after filling up of the posts reserved for SC Arunthathiyars on preferential basis,
if more number of qualified Arunthathiyars are available, they shall be entitled to compete
with the Scheduled Castes other than Arunthathiyars in the inter-se merit among them and if
any posts reserved for Arunthathiyars remain unfilled for want of adequate number of
qualified candidates, it shall be filled up by Scheduled Castes other than Arunthathiyars.
H. Any claim relating to the selection (not related to candidature or / and claims made in the
application) should be received on the date when called for original certificate verification
prior to selection. Any claim received thereafter will receive no attention.
I. Correct and true Information regarding arrest, convictions/debarment/disqualification by
any recruiting agency, criminal or any disciplinary proceedings initiated or finalized,
participation in agitation or any Political Organization, candidature in election for
Parliament/State Legislature/Local Bodies etc., if any, should also be furnished to the
Commission at the time of application i.e. the details thereof, originals of the Judgement of
Acquittals, order/or G.O. dropping further action in Departmental proceedings or any
document that may prove the suitability of such candidates for a Government appointment
must be produced at the stage/time of Certificate Verification without fail.
J. The selection for appointment to the above said post is purely provisional subject to final
Orders on pending Writ Petitions, if any, filed in Madras High Court and Madurai Bench of
Madras High Court.
K. Applications containing wrong claims relating to other basic qualifications / eligibility
criteria / age / communal categories/ educational qualification will be liable for


a) The question paper for the above subjects in Paper -I will be set in English only and
Paper II will be set both in English and Tamil.
b) The syllabi for the subjects mentioned in paper I & II are available in the
Commission’s Website ‘www.tnpsc.gov.in’ and also furnished at Annexure-IIA and
IIB to this Notification.
1. To use either blue or black ink Ball Point pen only.
2. Answer sheet will be invalidated if shaded in pencil.
3. The answer sheet will be invalidated if the box provided for booklet series mentioned in
the Question Paper is not shaded / incorrectly shaded.
4. Answer sheet answered in a subject other than the subject opted by the candidates in his
application/ specified in the Hall Ticket will be invalidated.
5. Each one mark will be deducted for incorrect or absence of shading Register Number.
Examination will be held at Chennai Centre (Code No.0100) only.
1. Candidates should appear for the examination/ Certificate Verification and Counselling at
their own expenses.
2. Request for change of venue will not be complied with.
3. The Commission reserves the right to increase or decrease the number of examination
venues and to re - allot the candidates

· Examination fee Rs.100/- (Rupees One Hundred only)
· Candidates have to register their basic particulars through One-Time Registration which is
mandatory on payment of Rs.50/- towards registration fee. The registration shall be valid for
a period of five years from the date of one-time registration.
· Candidates should also to pay the service charges applicable to the Bank.
· Candidates can avail exemption from paying Examination Fees as per eligibility criteria.
· Offline mode of payment in the form of DD/Postal Order etc., will not be accepted
and the applications forwarded with such modes of payment will be summarily
· Those who have already registered in the one time registration system and paid the
registration fee of Rs.50/- and received the registration ID need not pay the application fee
i.e. Rs.50/- and it is enough to pay the Examination Fee of Rs.100/- alone.
· Candidates who have made one time registration must apply for this post also.
One time registration is only to avail exemption for application fee for a period of 5 years
from the date of registration.
Selection will be made in two successive stages i.e., (i) Written Examination and (ii) Oral
Test in the form of an interview. Final selection will be made on the basis of total marks
obtained by the candidates at the Written Examination and Oral Test taken together and subject
to the rule of reservation of appointments. Appearance in both the papers of the Written
Examination and Oral Test is compulsory. A candidate who has not appeared in any one of the
papers in Written Examination or Oral Test will not be considered for selection, even if he/she
secures qualifying marks in the Written Examination or Oral Test.
(Further details are at paragraph 23(b) of the ‘Instructions to the candidates’).
For details refer para 15 (g) of the Commission’s ‘Instructions to the candidates’. Any
violation of the instructions will be liable for or end in rejection of his / her candidature.
Concessions in the matter of age and / or fees allowed to SCs, SC(A)s, STs, MBCs/DCs,
BCs, BCMs, Destitute Widows, Ex-servicemen and Differently Abled persons, other categories
of persons etc. are given in paragraphs 12 to 14 of the 'Instructions to the candidates'.

Click here www.tnpscexams.net / www.tnpscexams.in
a. Candidates should ensure their eligibility for examination: The candidates
applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfil all eligibility conditions for
admission to examination. Their admission to all stages of the examination will be
purely provisional subject to satisfying of the eligibility conditions. Mere issue of
memo of admission to the candidate will not imply that his/her candidature has been
fully cleared by the Commission.
b. The Hall Tickets for eligible candidates will be made available in the Commission’s
website www.tnpsc.gov.in or www.tnpscexams.net for downloading by candidates.
No Hall Tickets will be sent by post. So the candidates / applicants should watch Tamil
Nadu Public Service Commission website since ahead/ before the scheduled date of
c. Facilitation Counter for guidance of candidates: In case of any guidance/
information / clarification of their applications, candidature, etc. candidates can contact
Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission’s Office in person or over Telephone No.044-
25332833/ 25332855 or the Commission’s Office Toll-Free No.1800 425 1002 on all
working days between 10.00 a.m. and 05.45 p.m.
d. Mobile phones and other articles banned:-
i. Candidates are not allowed to bring to the venue of the Examination Cellular phone,
Calculator, memory notes and books etc. or any other Electronic device or
Recording device either as separate piece or part of something used by the candidate
such as Watch or Ring.
ii If they are found to be in possession of any such thing or instrument they will not be
allowed to attend the examination further, besides invalidation of answer paper and / or
debarment. If it is considered necessary they will be subjected to thorough physical
search including frisking on the spot.
iii. Do not bring into the Examination Hall any article such as books, notes, loose sheets,
mathematical and drawing instruments, Log Tables, stencils of maps, slide rules, Text
Books, rough sheets etc. except the permitted writing material i.e. pen. No colour pen
or pencil must be used.

e. Candidates are not required to submit along with their application any certificates in
support of their claims regarding age, educational qualifications, community certificates
and certificates regarding their physical disability, etc., They should be submitted when
called for by the Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission. The candidates applying for
the examination should ensure that they fulfil all the eligibility conditions for admission
to the examination. Their admission at all the stages of examination for which they are
admitted by the Commission viz. Written Examination will be purely
provisional, subject to their satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions. If on
verification at any time before or after the Written Examination and Certificate
Verification, it is found that they do not fulfil any of the eligibility conditions, their
candidature for the examination will be cancelled by the Commission.
f. If any of their claims is found to be incorrect, or false it will lead to rejection /
g. Unfair means strictly prohibited: No candidate shall copy from any other candidate
nor permit to be copied nor give nor attempt to give nor obtain nor attempt to obtain
irregular assistance of any description.
h. Conduct in examination hall: No candidate should misbehave in any manner or
create a disorderly scene in the examination hall or harass the staff employed by the
Commission for the conduct of the examination. Any such misconduct will be
severely viewed and penalized.
The on-line application can be submitted upto 14.01.2016 till 11.59 p.m., after which
the link will be disabled.
(For detailed information the candidates may refer Commission’s ‘‘Instructions to the
candidates’’ at the Commission’s website www.tnpsc.gov.in )

G.Os relating to equivalence of qualification for the subjects Economics, Statistics,
Mathematics, Social Work, Public Administration
Degree Equivalence Degree G.O.
1. jpUr;rpuhg;gs;sp. gpc&g; <gh;
fy;Y}hpahy; tH’;fg;gLk;
KJepiy rK:fg;gzp gl;l
nkw;gog;g[ (Master of Social
jpUr;rpuhg;gs;sp gpc&g;
<gh; fy;Y}hpahy;
M.A., (Social Work)
murhiz epiy vz;/2.
gzpahsh; kw;Wk; eph;thfr;
rPh;jpUj;jj; (Mh;) Jiw.
ehs; 3/1/2000

2 M.A., Applied Economics
(Five Years Integrated Course)
awarded by Annamalai
M.A., (Economics) G.O. (1D) No.268, Higher
Education (H1)
Department, dated

3. M.Sc., Applied Mathematics
awarded by Bharathidasan
M.Sc., (Mathematics)

4. M.Sc., Applicable Mathematics
and Computer Science
awarded by Bharathidasan
M.Sc., (Mathematics)

5. M.Sc., Mathematics with
Computer Application
M.Sc., (Mathematics)

6. M.A., Business Economics M.A., (Economics)
Gandhigram University /
Annamalai University /
Bharathiar University

7. M.A., (Applied Economics) M.A., Economics

8. M.Sc., Mathematical
M.A., (Economics)

9. M.Sc., (Tech) (Industrial
Mathematics with Computer
Application), Gandhigram
M.Sc., Mathematics

10. M.Sc., Economics 5 years
Integrated course awarded by
Avinashilingam Institute of
Home Science and Higher
Education for Women Deemed
M.A., (Economics)

11. M.A., Public Management
awarded by Madras University
Post Graduate Degree
in Public Administration

12. M.A., Development
(5 years Integrated) awarded
by Gandhigram /
Rural University
M.A., (Public

13. M.A., (Applied Economics)
awarded by Bharathidasan
M.A., (Economics) G.O.Ms.No.27, Higher
Education (K) Department,
dated 13.02.2014

14. M.A., (Business Economics)
offered by Ethiraj College for
Women, Chennai affiliated to
University of Madras
M.A., (Economics)

15. M.A., Indian Economics
awarded by University of
M.A., Economics

16. M.Sc., Statistics with Computer
Application awarded by
Manonmaniam Sundaranar
University / Periyar University/
Bharathiar University
M.Sc., (Statistics)

17. M.Sc., Statistics with Computer
Application (5 years Integrated
Programme) awarded by
Annamalai University
3 years UG in Statistics
and 2 years PG in

18. M.Sc., Applied Mathematics
(Operation Research) awarded
by Bharathidasan University
M.Sc., (Mathematics)

19. M.Sc., Mathematics (Applicable 17.12.2014
Mathematics) awarded by
Periyar University
M.Sc., (Mathematics)

20. M.Sc., Mathematics with
Computer Application and Five
Year integrated M.Sc.,
Mathematics with Computer
Application awarded by
Annamalai University
M.Sc., (Mathematics)

“ The Government orders relating to Equivalence of qualification
have been hosted in the Tamil Nadu Public Service
Commission website. However, the candidates while applying
for the examination should upload the equivalence of
qualification in the form of Government order, if any, which are
not mentioned in the Annexure-I to the Notification and produce
the same when called for by Tamil Nadu Public Service

Subject Code: 213
Unit - I:
Indian Economy – Growth and development: Agriculture: Area, Yield, Production,
marketing and sales. Rural Development – Industry: Input and output – Service Sector :
Types of service sector, skilled labour, semi skilled labour and unskilled labour –
Changing Sectoral contributions – Industrial Policy Changes – FDI – Infrastructure:
Public Health – Education – drinking water – sanitation – Public transport –Banking and
financial services–housing facilities–Nutrition – Investment – Public Private Participation
– Inclusive growth. Human Development: Concepts, Trends and Issues – Employment,
unemployment, under employment and disguised unemployment – concepts,
measurement and Trends – Employment in Organized and unorganized sector –
Strategies for Employment Generation. Poverty: Concepts, measurement and Trends,
Fiscal Policy – FRBM Act – Goods and Service Tax (VAT)– Fiscal Federalism – Parallel
economy in India – Inflation: Definition, trends, estimates, consequences and remedies
– RBI – Monetary and Fiscal policy – Banking Sector Reforms – India’s foreign trade,
composition, direction and recent changes in trade policy – Balance of payments – India
and WTO requirements – Global Financial Crisis and its Impact on India. Index number:
Consumer price index – Whole Sale price Index. Time series analyses-Moving average
Unit - II:
Primary data collection-Field Investigation- Census method-Sampling Method – Direct
personal observation-Interview method- Indirect oral interview-Information through
agencies-Mailed Questionnaires and scheduled sent through enumerator.Secondary
data collection- Books-Journals-Government (Ministry) Records and reports from
government agencies- Bibliography-Autography- Web site-News Paper- Periodicals, etc
Evaluation and preparation of the report and components of evaluation Report:
Executive summary-background and purpose-statement of the problem-objectives and
Hypotheses – evaluation methods (Statistical methods used in the study) –result and
discussion of the result –conclusion and recommendation- reference or bibliographyappendices.
Unit – III:
Econometrics - definition, methodology, Data – meaning and types of data such as
cross-section, time-series and panel data, primary & secondary data- advantages &
disadvantages, Variables – meaning and types such as quantitative and qualitative
variables, measurement scales of variables such as ratio, interval, ordinal and nominal2
simple examples. Correlation – simple and multiple correlation, properties of correlation
coefficients, Karl Pearson’s and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients, Simple
numerical problems - Simple & multiple linear regression model – introduction,
assumptions, least squares principle, least squares estimators, properties of regression
coefficients(Gauss-Markov theorem), interpretation of regression output - R2 & adjusted
R2, regression coefficients with t-values and level of significance, Simple numerical
problems - advantages of regression analysis over correlation analysis, Functional
forms of regression models – log-linear, log- lin and lin-log models and computation of
elasticity, computation of simple and compound growth rates - simple numerical
Unit - IV:
Econometric Problems: heteroscedasticity, multicollinearity and autocorrelation –
definition and consequences. Dummy variables: definition, generation of dummy
variables, problem of dummy variable trap, cautions in using dummy variables, inclusion
and interpretation of dummy variables in the regression. Qualitative response
regression models – linear probability, logit and probit models – an introduction. Basics
of time-series: additive and multiplicative models, determination of trend by free
drawing, moving average methods, and seasonal indices, definition of stationarity, tests
for stationarity and transformation of non-stationary series into stationary series.
Unit - V :
Compilation and Tabulation of data Collected - Classification – Types of Classification –
Formulation of discrete and continuous frequency distribution ( uni-variate and Bivariate
). Pictorial Representation of data: Bar diagrams – Pie diagrams – Histogram –
Ogives and Lawrence Curve Measures of Location – Mean , Median, Mode, Harmonic
Mean and Geometric Mean – Quartiles - Measures of variation : Range, Quartile
deviation , Mean deviation, Variance and Standard deviation. Coefficient of variation ,
skewness and Kurtosis.( All the calculation of measures are for both grouped and
ungrouped data ) Probability and Distribution: Introduction to probability: Random
Experiments, Sample Space and events, Definition of probability. Classical, Empirical
and Axiomatic approach to probability; Addition and Multiplication Theorem, Conditional
probability and Baye’s Theorem. Random Variables and Distribution function –
Mathematical Expectation and conditional Expectation. Convergence in Probability –
Weak Law of large Numbers and strong law of large Number – Central limit Theorem –
Discrete distributions: Binomial, Poisson. Continuous Distributions: Normal Distribution
Chi-Square, t and F distributions and their properties.
Unit - VI:
Application of Statistical Methods - Sampling Theory: Introduction to the theory of
Sampling: Sampling designs – Simple Random Sampling with and without replacement
- Systematic, Stratified, Ratio and Regression Sampling methods , Sampling and non –
sampling errors – Cluster sampling, Purposive Sampling Quota Sampling. Testing of
Hypothesis: Introduction to Testing of Hypothesis: Simple, Null and Alternative
hypotheses, composite hypothesis, two kinds of Errors – Critical Region – Power

function. Testing of significance using chi-square, t and F tests.(simple problems)
ANOVA- One way and Two way classifications. Application of Statistical Methods
through MS-Excel – Language : Over view of MS-Excel: Construction of charts and
diagrams – Sorting – Filtering – Removing duplicates – Calculation of Measures of
Central tendency, Measures of dispersion, correlation Regression and curve fitting
using – Excel.
Theory of Consumer Behavior - Utility and its measurement - Indifference curve
analysis and Consumer's surplus. Demand and supply functions - Elasticity of demand
and supply - Factors affecting demand and supply. National Income - Concepts and
measurement. Classical and modern theories of Employment. Consumption function -
Investment and savings. Concept of Multiplier and Accelerator. Inflation - Nature,
Effects and controlling mechanisms. Monetary policy and Fiscal policies and Role of
RBI. Types of Market Structure - perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic.
competition, oligopoly and price determination. Agricultural marketing - Characteristics
of Agricultural products and constraints in marketing agricultural produce. Marketable
and Marketed surplus estimation. Estimation of price spread and Marketing Efficiency.
Market integration, Marketing Intelligence and Marketing Acts. Institutions in
Agricultural Marketing - Regulated Markets, Cooperatives, Commodity Boards,
Contract Farming, Commodity Exchanges, Farmers' Markets and Farmers Producers
Organizations. Commission on Agricultural Costs and Prices - Agricultural Price fixation
and price support programs and policies. Price forecasting. Supply chain Management
and logistics. Development planning in India - Agriculture in five year plans. Land
tenure and reforms. Unemployment, Poverty and inequality. Food and nutritional
security. Population policies. Income distribution - Social Choice Theory - Public goods
- Welfare economics. Rural Indebtedness. Financial Institutions and Credit Flow to
Rural/ Priority Sector. Agricultural Lending - Direct and Indirect Financing - Financing
through Co- operatives, Commercial Banks and RRBs - Role of Lead Bank and
NABARD - District Credit Plan. Credit linked Rural Development Programs - RIDF.
Micro- Financing - Role of MFI’s, NGO's, and SHG's. Credit Inclusion–Credit Widening
- Credit Deepening. Risk in agriculture and different Crop Insurance Programs -
Agricultural project preparation - project cycle - Costs and benefit analysis – Discounted
and Undiscounted Measures – Sensitivity analysis. Technical feasibility of economic
viability of projects. Use of Network techniques – Project monitoring and evaluation.
Forms of production functions – Returns to scale vs Economies of scale. Cost of
cultivation vs Cost of Production – Cost concepts – Fixed Cost, Variable cost, Average
Cost and Marginal cost. Efficiency Measures – Technical and Economic Efficiency.
Financial statements and ratio analysis. Partial and complete budgeting and their
Concepts, Classification and Problems of Natural Resource Economics. Economy and
Environment interaction. Resource scarcity – Limits to Growth – Measuring and
mitigating natural resource scarcity–scarcity indices. Malthusian and Ricardian Scarcity.

Theory of optimal extraction of exhaustible and renewable resources. Property rights –
Issues in natural resource management – private property, common property and open
access resources – Collective action in common property resource management. Land
use planning – optimal management of land, water, forests and fisheries. Resource
mapping – GIS and remote sensing applications. Environmental problems and quality of
environment – Economics of the environment –Theory of externality. Sources and types
of pollution – air, water, solid waste, land degradation – Environmental and economic
impacts. Economics of pollution control – efficient reduction in environmental pollution.
Environmental regulation – Economics instruments and indirect instruments (command
and control policies). Environmental legislations in India. Concept of sustainable
development – Indicators of sustainability. Environmental Accounting – resource
accounting methods. Climate change and its impacts – mitigation efforts and
international treaties. International Trade and Comparative Advantage. Terms of Trade
and Instruments of Trade Policy – Tariffs and Non tariffs. Balance of Trade vs Balance
of payments. Exchange Rates. International Organizations – IMF, IBRD, IDA, IFC.
WTO. Fundamental vs. Applied Research – Qualitative vs Quantitative Research.
Research Prioritization – Identification of Research Problems and Prioritization.
Research Process. Trade-off between scope and cost of the study. Research Design
and Techniques. Hypothesis – Meaning – Characteristics – Types of Hypothesis and
Testing. Setting of Objectives and Hypothesis. Sampling Theory and Sampling Design.
Sampling Error. Sampling methods – Probability and Non-Probability methods.
Interviewing Techniques – Questionnaire vs Interview schedules and Field Problems –
Methods of Conducting Survey. Types of data – Primary and Secondary data. Sources
of Secondary Data and Data collection techniques. Types of questions in interview
schedule – Structured, Unstructured, Open Ended and Closed-Ended Questions. Data
coding and data entry. Data Tabulation and Validation of Data. Data Processing.
Application of Analytical tools to data – Simple and Multiple regression and problems in
estimation – Multicollinearity, Heteroscedasticity and Autocorrelation. Optimization
Models – Linear Programming: Concepts and theories. Problem formulation –
Minimization and Maximization problem (Primal and Dual solutions). Sensitivity
analysis. LP in farm planning and regional planning. Risk Programming and dynamic
programming techniques.
Unit - IX:
Nature and Scope of Sociology, Sociology as a Science. Individual and Society. Social
Process: Competition, conflict, Co- operation, Accommodation, Assimilation, Social
control. Social Institutions: Family and Marriage. Theoretical Perspectives:- Structural
Functional Perspective: August Comte, Herbert Spencer, Max Weber, Emile Durkheim,
R.K. Merton. Conflict Perspective: Karl Marx, Ralf Dahrendorf and L. A. Coser. Caste
System in India: Origin of the caste system; cultural and structural views about caste;
mobility in caste; change and persistence of caste in modern India; views of Gandhi and
Ambedkar about caste system. Class Structure in India: Agrarian and industrial class
structure; emergence of middle class. Rural Social Structure: Village Social Structure
and Importance of Village Studies. Peasant society and agrarian systems; land tenure
systems, social consequences of land reforms and green revolution. Agrarian unrest
and movements in India. Rural social problems in India: poverty, unemployment,

indebtedness, farmer’s suicide and bonded labour. Strategies of rural development
programmes. Tribal Societies in India: Type and distinctive features of tribal
communities in India and their geographical spread. Problems of tribal communities:
land alienation, poverty, indebtedness, health and nutrition, education, Integration and
issues of tribal identity. Tribal development policies after independence.
Unit - X:
Socio- religious reform movements: Bhakthi Movements, Arya Samaj, and Ram Krishna
Mission. Backward Class Movements: Satya Sadhak Samaj, Sri Narayanguru Dharma
Paripalana Movement (SNDP), Self-respect movement, Dalit Movements, Political
Mobilization of Backward Classes. Women in Indian society: Socio-cultural
interpretation of women in India. Demographic profile of women. Problems of Women
in India: dowry, domestic violence, discrimination, female infanticide, honor killing,
sexual harassment. Women empowerment programmes and SHGs. Social Research:
Meaning of Social Research, Scope and Importance of Social Research. Types of
Research, Research Process: Identification and formulation of research problem.
Methods of Research: Descriptive and Explorative methods. Sampling Methods,
Methods of Data Collection. Tools of Data Analysis: Univarate and Bivariate Statistics,
Chi-square Test. Application of ICT in Social Research. Evaluation Research: Meaning
and aims of evaluation research. Types of evaluation and their purpose. Levels of
measurement: population-based vs. program-based. Sources of data. Study designs.
Impact Assessment Research: Programmes and policy evaluation research.
Environmental impact assessment research. Research Report Writing: Organization of
a research report: Title, Abstract, Introduction, Experimental Details or Theoretical
Analysis, Results, Discussion, Conclusions and Summary, References. Quality of good
research report. Significance of research report.
Unit – XI:
Public Administration Theory and Principles - Public Administration: Meaning and scope
and significance – Public vs Private Administration – Approaches to the study of Public
Administration-Comparative Public Administration – Development Administration - New
Public Administration – New Public Management - Principles of Organization and
Administration – Classical theories – Human Relation theories – Modern theories of
administration – Bureaucratic culture-Administrative Responsibility and Ethics.
Unit – XII:
Public Administration in Practice - Public Financial Administration: Budgetary process
and accountability, Union – State financial relations in India – Good Governance: Social
welfare schemes in Tamil Nadu, Women Empowerment schemes in Tamil Nadu, Health
care Policy in Tamil Nadu – E. Governance : ICT application in government – IT
parks in Tamil Nadu – District administration: e-governance in Districts, THAI scheme,
Pudhuvazhvu scheme – Special Economic Zones – Panchayat Raj: Rural Development
programmes in Tamil Nadu, Environmental protection in Tamil Nadu – Administrative
reforms: Personnel and Administrative Reforms, Urban Governance: Urban Local
bodies in Tamil Nadu, Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM)
in Tamil Nadu – Tamil Nadu Urban Development Project – Human Rights governance:

the Tamil Nadu State Human Rights Commission- Social Science Research: Meaning,
nature and scope of social science research- Qualities of good researcher-Types of
social science research:Historical-Descriptive-Empirical-Experimental-Qualitative-
Quntative-Hypothesis-Variables-Sampling: Probability and Non-Probability sampling –
Methods of Data Collection: Primary and Secondary data- Observation-Schedule-
Survey-Interview-Questionnaire-Measurement- Data Analysis-Tabulation-Inferences-
Research Design and Report.
Unit – XIII:
Social work research - Scientific Method: Objectivity, Scientific attitude, Ethics in
research; Types of Research: Applied and Pure, Quantitative and Qualitative, Mixed
methods, Participatory, Action research, Evaluative, Field based research. Research as
a method in Social Work. Research process: Classification of Variables, Concepts,
Constructs, identifying and formulating research problem, research questions, defining
objectives, hypotheses. Research Designs: Exploratory, Descriptive, Diagnostic,
Experimental, Evaluative and Participatory. Sampling Methods : Probability and Nonprobability
sampling techniques. Data Collection: Types of data, data collection
methods, Questionnaire, Interview Schedule, Interview Guide, Observation
(Participatory and non participatory) Qualitative Research techniques: FGDs, In-depth
interview, Transcription, Themes, Illustrative quotes. Appreciative inquiry technique.
Photo voice technique. Social Audits. Triangulation and Iteration.
Unit – XIV:
Project evaluation - Project identification and formulation – Classification of projects,
Project objectives, Project life cycle and phases, Project Planning and Organization.
Project feasibility analysis (Financial, Technical) Market Survey, Demand analysis,
Forecasting and Projection. Terms of reference: Area of study, documents needed,
process, time frame, Team members. Evaluation design; Types of Evaluation; Project
design: Time management, sequencing and scheduling, Network Analysis, CPM and
PERT, Logical Framework Approach (LFA), Problem Analysis and Problem Tree. Log
Frame Matrix, Social Cost – Benefit analysis, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal
aspects and clearance. Factors such as efficiency, effectiveness and sustainability of
the project. Project appraisal and Implementation: Project Appraisal methods:
(Financial, Technical) Project Financing, Project Resource mobilization, Negotiation,
Decision making, Project control and Monitoring techniques, Project evaluation: Tools of
Evaluation: Ladder of Life (UN tool). Community impact assessment, Holistic World
View Analysis, Vulnerability Assessment, Impoverishment assessment, FGDs and
Reporting on Evaluation.
Basics and Major areas of Management - Concept and Foundations of Management –
Managerial Functions – Planning and decision making, Organizing, co-ordination and
control – Role of Manager – Managerial skills – Management of innovation –Personality
Theories and Determinants – Meaning and Process of perception – Motivation
Concepts, Theories and Applications. Leadership – Theories and Styles – Quality of
Work Life (QWL) – Quality Circles (QC) –Management of Conflicts in Organizations –

Demand analysis and forecasting – cost functions – Break-Even-Analysis - Theory of
firm-profit maximization and sales maximization – Pricing decisions under different
market structures. National income- GNP, GDP, Gross Domestic savings – Monetary
and Fiscal policies – Business cycle. Fundamentals of operations management –
Aggregate production planning, capacity planning – plant design – process planning –
plant size and scale of operations – Management of facilities –Production control –
Supply chain management - Quality management – statistical process control-role and
importance of material management – Modern production concepts – JIT, Kaizen,
Japanese 5’s framework. Nature and scope of financial management – finance functionvaluation
concepts and Valuation of securities- financing decisions- sources of financecost
of capital and capital structure – Investment decisions – Capital budgeting –
Working capital management – Dividend decisions. Marketing Management – evolution
and scope – Marketing strategy formulation and components of marketing plan –
Segmenting and targeting the market – Positioning and differentiating of the market –
Analyzing competition – Analyzing consumer markets – Industrial buyer behavior –
Marketing research – Product strategy – Pricing strategies – Designing and managing
Marketing channels – Building customer satisfaction –Ethics in marketing – Consumer
protection - Concepts and policies of HRM – HRM functions – Future challenges of
HRM-Human resource planning – Job analysis – Job evaluation – Recruitment and
selection – Training and development – Promotion and transfer – compensation –
performance appraisal and 360 degree feedback – HR audit – Handing of sexual
harassment in the work place-current trends and issues in HRM. Nature and scope of
strategic management – Strategic intent, vision, objectives and policies – Process of
strategic planning and implementation – Environmental analysis and internal analysis –
SWOT analysis – Tools and techniques for strategic analysis – Impact matrix – The
experience curve – BCG matrix – Balanced Score Card - Du Pont’s control model.
Research methodology and management information system - Research – meaning,
scope and objectives-types of research – research design-Data collection and
Tabulation – Questionnaire design – Scaling technique – sources of secondary data–
Sampling – Probability – Correlation and Regression Analysis – Tests of Significance –
Normal distribution, Chi-square, F and t tests, ANOVA, time series and forecasting
decision theory, index numbers – Multi-Variant analysis, Factor analysis – Discriminate
analysis – report writing – Types of Report – structure of the Report – Guidelines for
Report writing . Conceptual foundations of information systems – Types of information
systems - Element of information system – Data Vs. Information – information
requirement at various levels – data processing – data base – Data Entry -Development
and Management – Systems analysis and design – Trends in information technology –
Flexibility in information systems – User involvement – Evaluation of information
systems – Security and ethical challenges.
Unit – XVII :
Algebra and Differential Equations - Groups: Groups – Sub groups – Normal subgroups
and quotient subgroups – Homomorphisms – Automorphisms – Cayley’s Theorem –
Rings: Rings - Special class sub rings - Homomorphisms – Ideals and Quotient Rings –
Vector Spaces: Basic Concepts – Linear Independent and Bases – Inner Product
Spaces – ODE: ODE with constant coefficients – ODE with variable coefficients –
Higher order ODEs – PDE: First order PDE - Second order PDE – Elliptic, parabolic,
and hyperbolic PDEs.
Unit – XVIII :
Analysis - Real Analysis: Properties of monotonic functions - Functions of bounded
variations – Total variations – Additive property of total variation – Total variation on
[a,x] as a function of x - Continuous functions of bounded variations – Infinite Series:
Absolute and conditional convergence – Dirichlet’s test and Abel’s test Rearrangement
of series – Riemann’s theorem on conditionally convergent series.– Complex Analysis:
Differentiability and Cauchy-Riemann Equations – Harmonic Functions – Power Series
as an Analytic Function – Complex Integrations – Cauchy Integral Formula – Morera’s
Theorem – Existence of Harmonic Conjugate – Taylor’s Theorem – Conformal
mappings – Functional Analysis: Metric Spaces – Convergence, completeness and
Baire’s Theorem - Continuous mappings - Space of continuous functions - Euclidean
and Unitary spaces - Topological Spaces: Basis for a Topology – The Product Topology
– The Metric Topology – Connected Spaces – Connected Subspaces of the Real Line
– Components and Local Connectedness. Decision Making: Basic Statistics: Moments
– Mean – Variance – Standard deviations – Linear regression – Rank correlations –
Attributes – Index Numbers. Linear Programming Problem: Graphical Methods –
Travelling Salesman Problem – Assignment Problem – Simplex Methods.
Unit - XIX:
Anthropology, meaning scope and relationship with other disciplines particularly social
sciences, humanities etc. Main branches, their scope, The nature of culture, The nature
of society: concept of society, society and culture, social institutions, social stratification
Marriage: Definition and universality, Family, Kinship, Economic organization: meaning,
scope, and relevance of economic anthropology, Religion Research methods in
Anthropology - Field work tradition in Anthropology - Distinction between techniques,
methods, methodology - Tools of data collection, observation, interview, schedules,
case study, genealogy etc.

Unit - XX:
Evolution of the Indian culture and civilization: Palaeolithic, Neolithic, Harrappan
cultures; Tribal cultures of India, Brief ethnographic details of Tribes of Tamil Nadu.
Caste system in India: Structure and characteristics, theories of origin of caste,
Dominant caste. Indian village: Indian village as a social system, peasant cultures.
Cultural change in Indian Society: Sanskritization, Westernization, Modernization, Post – Modernism, Globalization ; Problems of the tribal communities a) poverty b) low literacy c) health Development of forest policy and Tribals Constitutional safe guards for ST/SC, Role of Anthropology in Tribal and Rural development. Demographic profile of India – Ethnic and Linguistic elements in the Indian population and their distribution.Gender issues in Tamil Nadu.

General Studies
Degree S tandard
Topics for Objective Type
General science :
Physics Universe‐General Scientific laws‐Scientific instruments‐Inventions and
discoveries‐National scientific laboratories‐Science glossary‐Mechanics and properties
of matter‐Physical quantities, standards and units‐Force, motion and energy‐Electricity
and Magnetism, Electronics and Communication ‐Heat, light and sound‐Atomic and
nuclear physics‐Solid State Physics – Spectroscopy‐ Geophysics ‐ Astronomy and space
Chemistry Elements and Compounds‐Acids, bases and salts‐Oxidation and reduction‐
Chemistry of ores and metals‐Carbon, nitrogen and their compounds‐Fertilizers,
pesticides, insecticides‐Biochemistry and biotechnology‐Electrochemistry‐Polymers and
Concepts of life science‐The cell‐basic unit of life‐Classification of living
organism‐Nutrition and dietetics‐Respiration‐Excretion of metabolic waste‐Biocommunication
and blood circulation‐Endocrine system‐Reproductive system‐Genetics
the science of heredity‐Environment, ecology, health and hygiene, Bio‐ diversity and its
conservation‐Human diseases‐Communicable diseases and non‐ communicable
diseases‐ prevention and remedies‐ Alcoholism and drug abuse‐Animals, plants and
human life
Current Events
diary of events – National‐‐National symbols‐Profile of States‐Defence,
national security and terrorism‐World organizations‐pacts and summits‐Eminent
persons & places in news‐Sports & games‐Books & authors ‐Awards & honours‐Cultural
panorama‐Latest historical events‐‐ India and its neighbours‐‐ Latest terminology‐
Appointments‐who is who?
Political Science1.
India’s foreign policy‐2. Latest court verdicts – public opinion‐3.
Problems in conduct of public elections‐4. Political parties and political system in India‐
5. Public awareness & General administration‐6. Role of Voluntary organizations &
Govt.,‐7. Welfare oriented govt. schemes, their utility
Geography Geographical landmarks‐Policy on environment and ecology—
socio‐economic problems‐New economic policy & govt. sector
inventions on science & technology‐Latest discoveries in Health Science‐
Mass media & communication
Earth and Universe‐Solar system‐Atmosphere hydrosphere, lithosphere‐Monsoon,
rainfall, weather and climate‐Water resources ‐‐‐ rivers in India‐Soil, minerals &
natural resources‐Natural vegetation‐Forest & wildlife‐Agricultural pattern, livestock &
fisheries‐Transport including Surface transport & communication‐Social geography –
population‐density and distribution‐Natural calamities – disaster management‐Climate
change ‐ impact and consequences ‐ mitigation measures‐Pollution Control
History and culture of India
Pre‐historic events‐‐Indus valley civilization‐Vedic, Aryan and Sangam age‐Maurya
dynasty‐Buddhism and Jainism‐Guptas, Delhi Sultans, Mughals and Marathas‐Age of
Vijayanagaram and the bahmanis‐South Indian history‐Culture and Heritage of Tamil
people‐Advent of European invasion‐Expansion and consolidation of British rule‐Effect
of British rule on socio‐economic factors‐Social reforms and religious movements‐India
since independence‐Characteristics of Indian culture‐Unity in diversity –race, colour,
language, custom‐India‐as secular state‐Organizations for fine arts, dance, drama, music‐
Growth of rationalist, Dravidian movement in TN‐Political parties and populist schemes‐
Prominent personalities in the various spheres – Arts, Science, literature and Philosophy
– Mother Teresa, Swami Vivekananda, Pandit Ravishankar , M.S.Subbulakshmi, Rukmani
Arundel and J.Krishnamoorthy etc.
Constitution of India‐. Preamble to the constitution‐ Salient features of constitution‐
Union, State and territory‐ Citizenship‐rights amend duties‐ Fundamental rights‐
Fundamental duties‐ Human rights charter‐ Union legislature – Parliament‐ State
executive‐ State Legislature – assembly‐ Status of Jammu & Kashmir‐ Local government
– panchayat raj – Tamil Nadu‐ Judiciary in India – Rule of law/Due process of law‐
Indian federalism – center – state relations‐. Emergency provisions‐ Civil services in
India‐ Administrative challenges in a welfare state‐ Complexities of district
administration‐ Elections ‐ Election Commission Union and State. Official language and
Schedule‐VIII‐ Amendments to constitution‐ Schedules to constitution‐. Administrative
reforms & tribunals‐ Corruption in public life‐ Anti‐corruption measures – Central
Vigilance Commission, lok‐adalats, Ombudsman, ‐ Comptroller and Auditor General of
India‐ Right to information ‐ Central and State Commission‐ Empowerment of women‐
Voluntary organizations and public grievances Redressal‐ Consumer protection forms
Indian economy
Nature of Indian economy‐Need for economic planning‐Five‐year plan models‐an
assessment‐Land reforms & agriculture‐Application of science in agriculture‐Industrial
growth‐Capital formation and investment‐Role of public sector & disinvestment‐
Development of infrastructure‐ National income‐ Public finance & fiscal policy‐ Price
policy & public distribution‐ Banking, money & monetary policy‐ Role of Foreign Direct
Investment (FDI)‐ WTO‐globalization & privatization‐ Rural welfare oriented
programmes‐ Social sector problems – population, education, health, employment,
poverty‐HRD – sustainable economic growth‐ Economic trends in Tamil Nadu ‐Energy
Different sources and development‐ Finance Commission ‐Planning Commission‐
National Development Council
Indian national movement
National renaissance‐Early uprising against British rule‐1857 Revolt‐ Indian National
Congress‐Emergence of national leaders‐Gandhi, Nehru, Tagore, Nethaji ‐Growth of
militant movements ‐Different modes of agitations‐Era of different Acts & Pacts‐World
war & final phase struggle‐Communalism led to partition‐Role of Tamil Nadu in freedom
struggle ‐ Rajaji, VOC, Periyar, Bharathiar & Others‐Birth of political parties /political
system in India since independence125
Conversion of information to data‐Collection, compilation and presentation of data ‐
Tables, graphs, diagrams‐Parametric representation of data‐Analytical interpretation of
data ‐Simplification‐Percentage‐Highest Common Factor (HCF)‐Lowest Common
Multiple (LCM)‐Ratio and Proportion‐Simple interest‐Compound interest‐Area‐Volume‐
Time and Work‐Behavioral ability ‐Basic terms, Communications in information
technology‐Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)‐ Decision
making and problem solving‐Logical Reasoning‐Puzzles‐Dice‐Visual Reasoning‐Alpha
numeric Reasoning‐Number Series‐Logical Number/Alphabetical/Diagrammatic

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